OpenSCAP alternatives

Looking for an alternative tool to replace OpenSCAP? During the review of OpenSCAP we looked at other open source tools. Based on their category, tags, and text, these are the ones that have the best match.

Top 3

  1. JShielder (Linux hardening tool)
  2. Lynis (security scanner and compliance auditing tool)
  3. Zeus (AWS auditing and hardening tool)

These tools are ranked as the best alternatives to OpenSCAP.

Alternatives (by score)

64

JShielder

Introduction

JShielder is a security tool for Linux systems to make them more secure by adding system hardening measures.

Project details

JShielder is written in Python, shell script.

Strengths and weaknesses

  • + Used language is shell script
  • + The source code of this software is available

    Typical usage

    • System hardening

    JShielder review

    100

    Lynis

    Introduction

    Lynis is an open source security auditing tool that is available since 2007 and created by Michael Boelen. Its primary goal is to evaluate the security defenses of systems running Linux or other flavors of Unix. It provides suggestions to install, configure, or correct any security measures.

    Project details

    Lynis is written in shell script.

    Strengths and weaknesses

    • + More than 50 contributors
    • + Commercial support available
    • + More than 4000 GitHub stars
    • + Used language is shell script
    • + Very low number of dependencies
    • + Project is mature (10+ years)
    • + The source code of this software is available

      Typical usage

      • IT audit
      • Penetration testing
      • Security assessment
      • System hardening
      • Vulnerability scanning

      Lynis review

      64

      Zeus

      Introduction

      Zeus is a tool to perform a quick security scan of an AWS environment. It helps to find missing security controls, so additional system hardening measures can be applied to systems.

      Project details

      Zeus is written in shell script.

      Strengths and weaknesses

      • + Used language is shell script
      • + The source code of this software is available
      • - No releases on GitHub available

      Typical usage

      • Configuration audit
      • Security assessment
      • Self-assessment
      • System hardening

      Zeus review

      52

      Nix Auditor

      Introduction

      This fairly new tool is written in shell script to scan Linux systems with the focus on security auditing.

      Project details

      Nix Auditor is written in shell script.

      Strengths and weaknesses

      • + Used language is shell script
      • - Full name of author is unknown
      • - Unknown project license

      Nix Auditor review

      60

      sysechk (System Security Checker)

      Introduction

      System Security Checker, or sysechk, is a tool to perform a system audit against a set of best practices. It uses a modular approach to test the system.

      Project details

      sysechk is written in shell script.

      Strengths and weaknesses

      • + Used language is shell script
      • + The source code of this software is available

        Typical usage

        • IT audit
        • System hardening

        sysechk review

        70

        YASAT

        Introduction

        The YASAT tool performs a system scan to detect configuration issues and possible improvements for hardening the system. Typically you would use this on new and existing systems.

        Project details

        YASAT is written in shell script.

        Strengths and weaknesses

        • + Used language is shell script
        • - No updates for a while

        Typical usage

        • Configuration audit
        • IT audit
        • Security assessment

        YASAT review

        68

        Cloud Security Suite (CS Suite)

        Introduction

        Cloud Security Suite (CS Suite) is a security toolkit that allows scanning Amazon, Google, and Azure cloud platforms. It leverages tools like Lynis, Prowler, and Scout2 to collect all information. The promise of the tool is to simplify the installation of the tools, their configuration, and the data collection.

        Project details

        Cloud Security Suite is written in Python.

        Strengths and weaknesses

        • + The source code of this software is available
        • - No releases on GitHub available

        Typical usage

        • Configuration audit
        • IT audit
        • Penetration testing
        • System hardening

        Cloud Security Suite review

        60

        orthrus

        Introduction

        Orthrus is a security framework and auditing tool. It allows monitoring and analyzing security configurations across multiple environments.

        Project details

        orthrus is written in Golang.

        Strengths and weaknesses

        • + The source code of this software is available
        • - Project is in early phase and may be unstable

        Typical usage

        • Security assessment
        • Self-assessment
        • System hardening
        • Vulnerability scanning

        orthrus review

        60

        otseca

        Introduction

        Tools like otseca help with data collection. This could be useful for system administrators to collect data on a regular interval. This data then can be compared with a future data capture. Another possibility is to use it during pentesting. In that case one should have already obtained root access, as the tool requires this as well.

        Project details

        otseca is written in shell script.

        Strengths and weaknesses

        • + The source code is easy to read and understand
        • + Tool is modular and extendable
        • + The source code of this software is available

          Typical usage

          • Configuration audit
          • Penetration testing
          • Security assessment

          otseca review

          64

          LUNAR

          Introduction

          LUNAR is short for Lockdown UNix Auditing and Reporting and runs on the system itself.

          Project details

          LUNAR is written in shell script.

          Strengths and weaknesses

          • + The source code of this software is available

            Typical usage

            • Security assessment
            • Self-assessment
            • System hardening

            LUNAR review

            64

            seccheck

            Introduction

            Seccheck is a security scanner for Linux systems. It is originally written for SuSE Linux by Marc Heuse.

            Project details

            seccheck is written in shell script.

            Strengths and weaknesses

            • + The source code of this software is available
            • - Project looks outdated (old code or documentation)

            Typical usage

            • Security assessment
            • System hardening

            seccheck review

            100

            Anchore

            Introduction

            Anchore is a tool to help with discovering, analyzing and certifying container images. These images can be stored both on-premises or in the cloud. The tooling is mainly focused on developer so that perform analysis on their container images. Typical actions include running queries, creating reports, or set up policies for a continuous integration and deployment pipeline.

            Project details

            Anchore is written in Python.

            Strengths and weaknesses

            • + More than 10 contributors
            • + Commercial support available
            • + The source code of this software is available

              Typical usage

              • System hardening

              Anchore review

              100

              Archery

              Introduction

              Archery is a tool that helps to collect data about vulnerabilities within an environment. Instead of focusing on the actual scanning, it allows managing findings in a web-based interface. This includes options like reporting, searching, and dashboards. It can interact with other tools, including the well-known vulnerability scanners.

              Project details

              Archery is written in Python.

              Strengths and weaknesses

              • + More than 500 GitHub stars
              • + The source code of this software is available

                Typical usage

                • Penetration testing
                • Vulnerability management
                • Vulnerability scanning
                • Vulnerability testing

                Archery review

                64

                AutoNessus (autonessus)

                Introduction

                This tool is useful to time scans, for example by having it run outside of business hours, and stop when the day starts.

                Note: originally another tool was named AutoNessus. That is now Seccubus.

                Project details

                AutoNessus is written in Python.

                Strengths and weaknesses

                • + The source code of this software is available
                • - No releases on GitHub available

                Typical usage

                • Vulnerability scanning

                AutoNessus review

                89

                CMSeeK

                Introduction

                CMSeeK is a security scanner for content management systems (CMS). It can perform a wide range of functions starting from the detection of the CMS, up to vulnerability scanning. The tool claims to support over 100 different CMS tools, with extensive support for the commonly used ones like Drupal, Joomla, and WordPress.

                The scans performed by CMSeeK include version detection. It can also do enumeration of users, plugins, and themes. This might be useful to see what users or components are available. The tool includes admin page discovery, file discovery, and directory listing. Anything that might be useful to a penetration test or security assessment, might be displayed.

                Project details

                CMSeeK is written in Python.

                Strengths and weaknesses

                • + The source code of this software is available
                • - Full name of author is unknown

                Typical usage

                • Penetration testing
                • Software exploitation
                • Software identification
                • Vulnerability scanning

                CMSeeK review

                68

                Dagda

                Introduction

                The main reasons to use Dagda is the detection of vulnerable or malicious components within your containerized environment.

                Project details

                Dagda is written in Python.

                Strengths and weaknesses

                • + The source code of this software is available

                  Typical usage

                  • Malware detection
                  • Malware scanning
                  • Vulnerability management
                  • Vulnerability scanning

                  Dagda review

                  64

                  Damn Small FI Scanner (DSFS)

                  Introduction

                  None

                  Project details

                  Damn Small FI Scanner is written in Python.

                  Strengths and weaknesses

                  • + The source code of this software is available

                    Typical usage

                    • Security assessment
                    • Vulnerability scanning

                    Damn Small FI Scanner review

                    64

                    Damn Small JS Scanner (DSJS)

                    Introduction

                    None

                    Project details

                    Damn Small JS Scanner is written in Python.

                    Strengths and weaknesses

                    • + The source code of this software is available

                      Typical usage

                      • Penetration testing
                      • Security assessment

                      Damn Small JS Scanner review

                      60

                      Jackhammer

                      Introduction

                      The tool uses RBAC (Role Based Access Control) with different levels of access. Jackhammer uses several tools to do dynamic and static code analysis (e.g. for Java, Ruby, Python, and Nodejs). It checks also for vulnerabilities in libraries. Due to its modular architecture, it can use several scanners out of the box, with options to add your own.

                      The Jackhammer project was initially added to GitHub on the 8th of May, 2017.

                      Project details

                      Jackhammer is written in Ruby.

                      Strengths and weaknesses

                      • + The source code of this software is available

                        Typical usage

                        • Collaboration
                        • Information sharing

                        Jackhammer review

                        85

                        JoomScan

                        Introduction

                        JoomScan could be used to test your Joomla installation or during security assessments. As it has a primary focus on Joomla, it may provide better results than generic vulnerability scanners.

                        Project details

                        JoomScan is written in Perl.

                        Strengths and weaknesses

                        • + The source code of this software is available

                          Typical usage

                          • Vulnerability scanning
                          • Vulnerability testing

                          JoomScan review

                          64

                          LFI Suite

                          Introduction

                          This tool is a useful addition to the pentesting toolbox of security professionals. It can help discover and exploit any local file inclusion weakness in applications. Upon success, a reverse shell can be used to get access to the system.

                          Project details

                          LFI Suite is written in Python.

                          Strengths and weaknesses

                          • + The source code of this software is available
                          • - Full name of author is unknown

                          Typical usage

                          • Penetration testing
                          • Web application analysis

                          LFI Suite review

                          74

                          Nikto

                          Introduction

                          Nikto helps with performing security scans against web servers and to search for vulnerabilities in web applications.

                          Project details

                          Nikto is written in Perl.

                          Strengths and weaknesses

                          • + The source code of this software is available
                          • + Well-known tool

                            Typical usage

                            • Penetration testing
                            • Security assessment
                            • Web application analysis

                            Nikto review

                            78

                            Nmap

                            Introduction

                            Nmap is short for "Network Mapper". It is a free and open source utility for network discovery and security auditing. It was release in September of 1997 by Gordon Lyon, commonly known under his pseudonym "Fyodor".

                            Project details

                            Nmap is written in C, C++, Lua, Python.

                            Strengths and weaknesses

                            • + Project is mature (10+ years)
                            • + The source code of this software is available
                            • + Well-known author
                            • + Well-known tool
                            • - Software usage is restricted (e.g. commercially)

                            Typical usage

                            • Network scanning
                            • Vulnerability scanning

                            Nmap review

                            96

                            OpenVAS

                            Introduction

                            OpenVAS is an open source vulnerability scanner that emerged from when Nessus became closed source in October of 2005.

                            Project details

                            OpenVAS is written in C.

                            Strengths and weaknesses

                            • + The source code of this software is available
                            • + Well-known tool

                              Typical usage

                              • Penetration testing
                              • Security assessment
                              • Vulnerability scanning

                              OpenVAS review

                              64

                              portSpider

                              Introduction

                              portSpider is a security tool to scan network ranges and find open ports. The goal of the tool is to find vulnerable services.

                              Project details

                              portSpider is written in Python.

                              Strengths and weaknesses

                              • + The source code of this software is available

                                Typical usage

                                • Network scanning
                                • Vulnerability scanning

                                portSpider review

                                Some relevant tool missing as an alternative to OpenSCAP? Please contact us with your suggestion.